Coronavirus: what you need to know

Coronaviruses are a group of related RNA viruses that predominantly affect animals, but in some cases can be transmitted to humans, too.



Фото: AP Photo / CDC

How is it transmitted?

By airborne droplets

Air is the main transmission factor for the novel coronavirus. Just like other respiratory diseases, COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales.

By airborne dust particles

Another way COVID-19 can be transmitted is by dust particles in the air.

Through contact

The novel coronavirus can also be transmitted through handshakes or touching shared objects and surfaces.

What are its symptoms?

COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Common symptoms include:

  • fever;
  • dry cough;
  • tiredness;
  • aches and pains;
  • sore throat;
  • diarrhoea;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • headache;
  • loss of taste or smell;
  • a rash on skin, or discoloration of fingers or toes.

If you are experiencing any of those symptoms, answer these questions:

  1. Over the past two weeks, have you been to countries with a large number of cases of coronavirus infection?
  2. Have you been in contact with someone who has been to countries with a large number of cases of coronavirus infection in the past two weeks?

If you answered yes to any of these questions, seek medical advice to confirm the diagnosis and obtain qualified medical help. It’s better to refrain from visiting hospitals and clinics. You can arrange to have a doctor visit you at home by calling 112 or 103.

What safety precautions can I take to prevent myself from getting infected?

Refrain from visiting public places

Try to avoid going to shopping malls, mass events, and public transport at rush hour.

Use a disposable medical mask (respirator) in public places

Remember to change your mask (respirator) every 2-3 hours.

Avoid close contact and being in the same room with people who are visibly ill with the flu

The signs of being ill with the flu include coughing, sneezing, and running nose.

Wash your hands with soap

Thoroughly wash your hands with soap upon returning from a public outing, as well as after contact with strangers.

Disinfect your devices and any other surfaces that you touch

Limit hugs and handshakes

Only use personal hygiene items

How to Protect Yourself:

Websites with official information

In the current circumstances, it is important not to panic and only refer to official sources for information:

  • in English:

  • in Russian: